The eye examination is a fundamental step to diagnose, exclude or monitor any pathology of the visual apparatus in children. This applies from preschool through adolescence and into adulthood.
It is performed by the specialist in ophthalmology (oculist or ophthalmologist), in collaboration with the orthoptist, who specializes in motor and functional disorders of the visual system.
It is extremely important to be able to prevent and treat any eye diseases of genetic origin (strabismus, congenital cataract, congenital glaucoma) or acquired with growth (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, amblyopia) to give an immediate response and a solution to the problem.
The first eye examination of the child is usually performed by hospital staff, 2 days after birth, to ascertain the possible presence of pathologies such as congenital cataracts, melanoma, retinoblastoma, and in the case of premature subjects, retinopathy of the premature infant.