In myopia, the light rays are focused on the front of the retina so that distant objects appear clouded and those nearby appear sharp. The causes are either an excessive eyeball length or excessive focusing power.
This condition is often inherited or associated with prematurity. Although it can occur at any age, myopia is mostly diagnosed between the ages of 8 and 12. Once diagnosed, it usually progresses slowly until around 20 years of age and then stabilizes.
There is currently no shared treatment to stop the progression. Correction can be done with glasses or contact lenses.
Surgical treatment with the excimer laser may be considered after stabilization.